Kadhiravan Shanmuganathan

Kadhiravan Shanmuganathan

Polymer Science and Engineering Division

About Me

Research focus of our group is on advanced composites and fiber materials. Polymers have become a material of choice in a gamut of applications owing to their structural versatility, processability, and lower density. In many applications such as organic electronics, solid electrolyte membranes, filtration materials, and surface coatings, material criteria are too complicated to be met by any single easily accessible polymer.  A nanocomposite approach is attractive because multiple functionalities can be programmed into the material by tailoring the properties of polymers and nanofillers. We are interested in developing composite and fibrous materials  that can address specific challenges in energy, water purification and health care. Another major area of interest of our research group is biopolymers, specifically enhancing their processability and enabling technologically relevant materials. We also focus on elucidating structure-property relationships governing composite materials through systematic investigation of polymer- filler and filler- filler interactions.

Professional Experience

2014- Current: CSIR- National Chemical Laboratory, Pune, India 

2010-2014: Post-doctoral Fellow (with Prof.Christopher Ellison,  The University of Texas at Austin, USA)

2007-2009: Ohio Innovation Incentive Fellow (with Prof. Christoph Weder, Prof. Stuart Rowan and Prof. Dustin Tyler, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, USA)

2006-2010: Graduate Research Assistant (with Prof. Christoph Weder, Prof. Stuart Rowan and Prof. Dustin Tyler, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, USA)    

2003-2006: Graduate Research Assistant (with Dr. Prabir Patra, University of Massachusetts, North Dartmouth, USA) 

1999-2003: Techincal Support Engineer, Lakshmi Machine Works Ltd, Coimbatore, India


Selected Publications

  • Supriya Sahoo Supriya Sahoo Department of Chemistry, Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Pune, Dr. Homi Bhabha Road, Pune 411008, India More by Supriya Sahoo Orcidhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-6896-7168 , Rishukumar Panday, Premkumar Kothavade, Vijay Bhan Sharma, Anirudh Sowmiyanarayanan, Balu Praveenkumar, Jan K. Zar?ba*, Dinesh Kabra*, Kadhiravan Shanmuganathan* And and Ramamoorthy Boomishankar*, A Highly Electrostrictive Salt Cocrystal and the Piezoelectric Nanogenerator Application of Its 3D-Printed Polymer Composite, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces., 16, 26406 - 26416 (2024), DOI:https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.4c03349.
  • Premkumar Kothavade Premkumar Kothavade Polymer Science and Engineering Division, CSIR?National Chemical Laboratory, Dr. Homi Bhabha Road, Pune 411008, Maharashtra, India Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research (AcSIR), Ghaziabad 201002, India RMIT Centre for Additive Manufacturing, School of Engineering, RMIT University, Carlton, Victoria 3053, Australia More by Premkumar Kothavade Orcidhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-8878-7714 , Prashant Yadav, Animesh Gopal, Harshawardhan Pol, Abdullah Kafi, Stuart Bateman And and Kadhiravan Shanmuganathan*, Enhancing the Crystallization Kinetics and Mechanical Properties of Poly(lactic acid) Blends for 3D Printing Application, ACS Appl. Polym. Mater., 6, 5754 - 5762 (2024), DOI:https://doi.org/10.1021/acsapm.4c00428.
  • Supriya Sahoo, Premkumar Anil Kothavade, Dipti R. Naphade, Arun Torris, Balu Praveenkumar, Jan K. Zar?ba*, Thomas D. Anthopoulos* And Kadhiravan Shanmuganathan* and Ramamoorthy Boomishankar*, 3D-printed polymer composite devices based on a ferroelectric chiral ammonium salt for high-performance piezoelectric energy harvesting, Mater. Horizons., , (2023), DOI:DOI: 10.1039/D3MH00444A.
  • Premkumar Anil Kothavade, Prashant Yadav, Aakash D. Nidhankar, Arun Torris, Harshawardhan Pol, Abdullah Kafi, Stuart Bateman, Santosh Babu Sukumaran And Kadhiravan Shanmuganathan*, Luminescent 3D printed poly(lactic acid) nanocomposites with enhanced mechanical properties, Polym. Eng. Sci., , (2023), DOI:https://doi.org/10.1002/pen.26345.
  • Farsa Ram, Bipul Biswas, ArunTorris, Guruswamy Kumaraswamy And Kadhiravan Shanmuganathan, Elastic piezoelectric aerogels from isotropic and directionally ice-templated cellulose nanocrystals: comparison of structure and energy harvesting, Cellulose., 28, 6323 - 6337 (2021), DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s10570-021-03896-6.
  • Farsa Ram, Parthiban Velayutham, Akhila Kumar Sahu, Ashish K. Lele And Kadhiravan Shanmuganathan, Enhancing Thermomechanical and Chemical Stability of Polymer Electrolyte Membranes Using Polydopamine Coated Nanocellulose, ACS Appl. Energy Mater., , (2020), DOI:10.1021/acsaem.9b02417.
  • Farsa Ram , Aniket Gudadhe, Thangavel Vijayakanth, Swapnil Aherrao, Vivek Borkar, Ramamoorthy Boomishankar And and Kadhiravan Shanmuganathan, Nanocellulose Reinforced Flexible Composite Nanogenerators with Enhanced Vibrational Energy Harvesting and Sensing Properties, ACS Appl. Polym. Mater., 2, 2550 - 2562 (2020), DOI:https://doi.org/10.1021/acsapm.0c00158.
  • Thangavel Vijayakanth, Farsa Ram, Dr. Balu Praveenkumar, Dr. Kadhiravan Shanmuganathan And Prof.?Dr. Ramamoorthy Boomishankar, Piezoelectric Energy Harvesting from a Ferroelectric Hybrid Salt [Ph3MeP]4[Ni(NCS)6] Embedded in a Polymer Matrix, Angewandte Chemie Int Ed., 59, 10368 - 10373 (2020), DOI:https://doi.org/10.1002/anie.202001250.
  • Tushar Ambone, Arun Torris And Kadhiravan Shanmuganathan, Enhancing the mechanical properties of 3D printed polylactic acid using nanocellulose, Polym. Eng. Sci., 60, 1842 - 1855 (2020), DOI:https://doi.org/10.1002/pen.25421.
  • Farsa Ram, Tushar Ambone, Aakash Sharma, Rajarathinam Murugesan, Deepak Kajale, Vivek Borkar, Shaikh Faruque Ali, Praveen Kumar Balu, Guruswamy Kumaraswamy And Kadhiravan Shanmuganathan, Fluorinated Nanocellulose-Reinforced All-Organic Flexible Ferroelectric Nanocomposites for Energy Generation, J. Phys. Chem. C., 122, 16440 - 16549 (2018), DOI:10.1021/acs.jpcc.8b03470.
  • Farsa Ram, Nikhil K Pimpalkar, Abhijit P Shete And Kadhiravan Shanmuganathan*, Solution-processed cellulose/melanin films and fibers, Green Materials., 5, 85-93 (2017), DOI:https://doi.org/10.1680/jgrma.17.00003.
  • Heonjoo Ha, Kadhiravan Shanmuganathan And Christopher J. Ellison, Mechanically Stable Thermally Crosslinked Poly(acrylic acid)/Reduced Graphene Oxide Aerogels, ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces., 7, 6220 - 6229 (2015), DOI:10.1021/acsami.5b00407.
  • Shanmuganathan, Kadhiravan; Elliot, Steven; Lane, Austin; Ellison And Christopher J.; , Highly Stretchable Thermoset Fibers and Nonwovens Using Thiol-ene Photopolymerization, ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces., 6, 14259 - 14265 (2014).
  • Cho, Joon Hee; Shanmuganathan, Kadhiravan; Ellison And Christopher J.; , Bioinspired Catecholic Block Copolymers for Antifouling Surface Coatings, ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces., 5, 3794 - 3802 (2013).
  • Janes, Dustin W; Shanmuganathan, Kadhiravan; Chou, Daniel; Ellison And Christopher J.; , Soybean Oil Based Fibers Made Without Solvent or Heat, ACS Macro Letters., 1, 1138 - 1142 (2012).
  • Shanmuganathan, Kadhiravan;Cho, Joon; Iyer, Prashanth; Baranowitz, Steve: Ellison And Christopher J.; , Thermooxidative Stabilization of Polymers using Synthetic and Natural Melanins, Macromolecules., 44, 9499 - 9507 (2011).
  • Shanmuganathan, Kadhiravan; Sankhagowit, Robert; Iyer, Prashanth; Ellison And Christopher J.; , Thiol-ene Chemistry: A Greener Approach to Making Chemically and Thermally Stable Fibers, Chemistry of Materials., 23, 4726 - 4732 (2011).
  • Capadona, Jeffrey R.; Shanmuganathan, Kadhiravan; Trittschuh, Stephanie; Seidel, Scott; Rowan, Stuart J.; Weder And Christoph, Polymer Nanocomposites with Nanowhiskers Isolated from Microcrystalline Cellulose, Biomacromolecules., 10, 712 - 716 (2009).
  • Shanmuganathan, Kadhiravan; Deodhar, Sarang; Dembsey, Nicholas A.; Fan, Qinguo; Patra And Prabir K. , Condensed-phase Flame Retardation in Nylon 6-layered Silicate Nanocomposites: Films, Fibers, and Fabrics, Polymer Engineering and Science., 48, 662 - 675 (2008).
  • Capadona, Jeffrey R.; Shanmuganathan, Kadhiravan; Tyler, Dustin J.; Rowan, Stuart J.; Weder And Christoph, Stimuli-Responsive Polymer Nanocomposites Inspired by the Sea Cucumber Dermis, Science., 319, 1370 - 1374 (2008).
  • Shanmuganathan, Kadhiravan; Deodhar, Sarang; Dembsey, Nicholas; Fan, Qinguo; Calvert, Paul D.; Warner, Steven B.; Patra And Prabir K. , Flame Retardancy and Char Microstructure of Nylon-6/layered Silicate Nanocomposites, Journal of Applied Polymer Science., 104, 1540 - 1550 (2007).

Research Interest

  • Green & Sustainable Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry including Nanomaterials
  • Applied research in nanomaterials/ Process Development/Engineering
  • Cellulose chemistry

Contact Details

Dr. Kadhiravan Shanmuganathan
Principal Scientist and Associate Professor (AcSIR)
D102 PAML, Polymer Science and Engineering Division
CSIR-National Chemical Laboratory
Dr. Homi Bhabha Road. Pune 411008, India
Phone  +91-20-2590 2173

Email: k.shanmuganathan @ ncl.res.in